A common name in New Testament Times was James. There are a few James in the New Testament. There are two of the 12, called James the Greater and James the Less.
- James, the son of Zebedee — Apostle, brother of John, Apostle; also called “James the Greater”. He was killed by Herod with a sword (Acts 12:1-2)
- James, the son of Alpheus, Apostle — Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13. He appears as the leader of the 12 (?the 1st Bishop of Jerusalem) in Acts 15:13 where it is his decision after the meeting on the question of what was required of gentile converts.
- James, the brother of the Lord — Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3; Galatians 1:19. Without a shadow of doubt, he must be identified with the James of Galatians 2:2 and 2:9; Acts 12:17, 15:13 sqq. and 21:18; and 1 Corinthians 15:7.
- James, the son of Mary, brother of Joseph — Mark 15:40 (where he is called ò mikros “the little”, not the “less”. Matthew 27:56. Probably the son of Cleophas or Clopas (John 19:25) where “Maria Cleophæ” is generally translated “Mary the wife of Cleophas”, as married women are commonly distinguished by the addition of their husband’s name.
- James, the brother of Jude — Jude 1:1. This is may be one of the other James, probably James the son of Alphaeus, as he would be the most likely to be widely known.